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    Главная » 2011 » Август » 9 » Как скомпилировать программу из исходников
    08:59
    Как скомпилировать программу из исходников
    Все новички рано или поздно сталкиваются с такой проблемой: программы в стандартном репозитории нет, а в сети она существует только в виде исходных кодов, и готовых сборок под дистрибутив нет. Многие не решаются даже пытаться собрать программу из исходников самостоятельно, считая, что этот процесс не для их ума. А ведь это на самом деле очень просто, нужно запомнить всего 3 команды.

    Итак, нам нужен исходный код программы, обычно он поставляется в архивах (например, tar.gz), распакуем наш архив programm.tar.gz:

    tar -xf programm.tar.gz

    Теперь перейдем в директорию с распакованными файлами:

    cd programm

    Далее нужно запустить конфигуратор, но для его работы точно потребуется пакет build-essential, установим его:

    sudo apt-get install build-essential

    Запускаем конфигуратор:

    ./configure

    Смотрим на вывод конфигуратора, ищем ошибки. Если все прошло удачно, в директории должен создаться makefile, после этого запускаем make:

    make

    После того как make соберет программу, ее нужно установить:

    sudo make install

    Вот и все, программа установлена, можно запускать и пользоваться ;)

    Таким образом установка программ из исходников сводится в большинстве случаев к выполнению всего лишь 3 команд:

    ./configure
    make
    sudo make install

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